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Examples
Contract Write (Dynamic Args)

Contract Write (Dynamic Args)

The following example teaches you how to implement a "Mint NFT" form that takes in a dynamic argument (token ID) using wagmi. The example below builds on the Contract Write Example and uses the usePrepareContractWrite, useContractWrite & useWaitForTransaction hooks. Try it out before moving on.

Step 1: Connect Wallet

Follow the Connect Wallet guide to get this set up.

Step 2: Create a new component

Create a new component that will contain the NFT mint form.

import * as React from 'react'

export function MintNFTForm() {
  return (
    <form>
      <label for="tokenId">Token ID</label>
      <input id="tokenId" placeholder="420" />
      <button>Mint</button>
    </form>
  )
}

Step 3: Add some state to the form

Next, let's add some state to the input field.

import * as React from 'react'

export function MintNFTForm() {
  const [tokenId, setTokenId] = React.useState('')

  return (
    <form>
      <label for="tokenId">Token ID</label>
      <input
        id="tokenId"
        onChange={(e) => setTokenId(e.target.value)}
        placeholder="420"
        value={tokenId}
      />
      <button>Mint</button>
    </form>
  )
}

Step 4: Add the usePrepareContractWrite hook

Add the usePrepareContractWrite hook. This hook eagerly fetches the parameters required for sending a contract write transaction such as the gas estimate.

You will need to:

  1. Add the hook
  2. Pass in your contract configuration (address, contract interface, function name and arguments)
import * as React from 'react'
import { usePrepareContractWrite } from 'wagmi'

export function MintNFTForm() {
  const [tokenId, setTokenId] = React.useState('')

  const { config } = usePrepareContractWrite({
    addressOrName: '0xFBA3912Ca04dd458c843e2EE08967fC04f3579c2',
    contractInterface: [
      {
        name: 'mint',
        type: 'function',
        stateMutability: 'nonpayable',
        inputs: [{ internalType: 'uint32', name: 'tokenId', type: 'uint32' }],
        outputs: [],
      },
    ],
    functionName: 'mint',
    args: [parseInt(tokenId)],
    enabled: Boolean(tokenId),
  })

  return (
    <form>
      <label for="tokenId">Token ID</label>
      <input
        id="tokenId"
        onChange={(e) => setTokenId(e.target.value)}
        placeholder="420"
        value={tokenId}
      />
      <button>Mint</button>
    </form>
  )
}

Step 5: Add a debounce to the input value

As the usePrepareContractWrite hook performs an RPC request to obtain the gas estimate on mount and on every change to args, we don't want to spam the RPC and become rate-limited.

To mitigate this, we can add a useDebounce hook to our component. Let's set it so that it updates the token ID if no change has been made for 500 milliseconds.

import * as React from 'react'
import { usePrepareContractWrite } from 'wagmi'
import { useDebounce } from './useDebounce'

export function MintNFTForm() {
  const [tokenId, setTokenId] = React.useState('')
  const debouncedTokenId = useDebounce(tokenId, 500)

  const { config } = usePrepareContractWrite({
    addressOrName: '0xFBA3912Ca04dd458c843e2EE08967fC04f3579c2',
    contractInterface: [
      {
        name: 'mint',
        type: 'function',
        stateMutability: 'nonpayable',
        inputs: [{ internalType: 'uint32', name: 'tokenId', type: 'uint32' }],
        outputs: [],
      },
    ],
    functionName: 'mint',
    args: [parseInt(debouncedTokenId)],
    enabled: Boolean(debouncedTokenId),
  })

  return (
    <form>
      <label for="tokenId">Token ID</label>
      <input
        id="tokenId"
        onChange={(e) => setTokenId(e.target.value)}
        placeholder="420"
        value={tokenId}
      />
      <button>Mint</button>
    </form>
  )
}

Step 6: Add the useContractWrite hook

Now add the useContractWrite hook. This hook performs the actual contract write transaction.

We will need to:

  1. Add the hook.
  2. Pass in the configuration (config) that we created in the previous step.
  3. Hook it up to our form via an onChange prop.
  4. Disable the button when the write function is not ready (still preparing).
import * as React from 'react'
import { usePrepareContractWrite, useContractWrite } from 'wagmi'
import { useDebounce } from './useDebounce'

export function MintNFTForm() {
  const [tokenId, setTokenId] = React.useState('')
  const debouncedTokenId = useDebounce(tokenId)

  const { config } = usePrepareContractWrite({
    addressOrName: '0xFBA3912Ca04dd458c843e2EE08967fC04f3579c2',
    contractInterface: [
      {
        name: 'mint',
        type: 'function',
        stateMutability: 'nonpayable',
        inputs: [{ internalType: 'uint32', name: 'tokenId', type: 'uint32' }],
        outputs: [],
      },
    ],
    functionName: 'mint',
    args: [parseInt(debouncedTokenId)],
    enabled: Boolean(debouncedTokenId),
  })
  const { write } = useContractWrite(config)

  return (
    <form
      onSubmit={(e) => {
        e.preventDefault()
        write?.()
      }}
    >
      <label for="tokenId">Token ID</label>
      <input
        id="tokenId"
        onChange={(e) => setTokenId(e.target.value)}
        placeholder="420"
        value={tokenId}
      />
      <button disabled={!write}>Mint</button>
    </form>
  )
}

Clicking the "Mint" button will invoke the mint function on the contract and mint the NFT for the user.

However, there is currently no feedback to show when the mint transaction is successful. We will add some feedback in the next step.

Step 7: Add the useWaitForTransaction hook

Using the useWaitForTransaction hook provides you with the ability to show feedback on the status of the transaction to the user.

We will need to:

  1. Add the hook
  2. Pass in the transaction hash (data.hash) as a parameter to the hook
  3. Add loading state to the button when the transaction is pending.
  4. Add a success state for when the transaction is successful.
import * as React from 'react'
import {
  usePrepareContractWrite,
  useContractWrite,
  useWaitForTransaction,
} from 'wagmi'
import { useDebounce } from './useDebounce'

export function MintNFTForm() {
  const [tokenId, setTokenId] = React.useState('')
  const debouncedTokenId = useDebounce(tokenId)

  const { config } = usePrepareContractWrite({
    addressOrName: '0xFBA3912Ca04dd458c843e2EE08967fC04f3579c2',
    contractInterface: [
      {
        name: 'mint',
        type: 'function',
        stateMutability: 'nonpayable',
        inputs: [{ internalType: 'uint32', name: 'tokenId', type: 'uint32' }],
        outputs: [],
      },
    ],
    functionName: 'mint',
    args: [parseInt(debouncedTokenId)],
    enabled: Boolean(debouncedTokenId),
  })
  const { data, write } = useContractWrite(config)

  const { isLoading, isSuccess } = useWaitForTransaction({
    hash: data?.hash,
  })

  return (
    <form
      onSubmit={(e) => {
        e.preventDefault()
        write?.()
      }}
    >
      <label for="tokenId">Token ID</label>
      <input
        id="tokenId"
        onChange={(e) => setTokenId(e.target.value)}
        placeholder="420"
        value={tokenId}
      />
      <button disabled={!write || isLoading}>
        {isLoading ? 'Minting...' : 'Mint'}
      </button>
      {isSuccess && (
        <div>
          Successfully minted your NFT!
          <div>
            <a href={`https://etherscan.io/tx/${data?.hash}`}>Etherscan</a>
          </div>
        </div>
      )}
    </form>
  )
}

Step 8: Add To App

Import the MintNFTForm component and display it when the account is connected.

import { useAccount, useConnect, useDisconnect } from 'wagmi'

import { MintNFTForm } from './MintNFTForm'

export function App() {
  const { isConnected } = useAccount()

  if (isConnected) {
    return (
      <div>
        {/* Account content goes here */}
        <MintNFTForm />
      </div>
    )
  }

  return <div>{/* Connect wallet content goes here */}</div>
}

Bonus Point: Add some error handling

Now let's provide some feedback to the user if the prepare hook fails, or if the write hook fails.

import * as React from 'react'
import {
  usePrepareContractWrite,
  useContractWrite,
  useWaitForTransaction,
} from 'wagmi'
import { useDebounce } from './useDebounce'

export function MintNFTForm() {
  const [tokenId, setTokenId] = React.useState('')
  const debouncedTokenId = useDebounce(tokenId)

  const {
    config,
    error: prepareError,
    isError: isPrepareError,
  } = usePrepareContractWrite({
    addressOrName: '0xFBA3912Ca04dd458c843e2EE08967fC04f3579c2',
    contractInterface: [
      {
        name: 'mint',
        type: 'function',
        stateMutability: 'nonpayable',
        inputs: [{ internalType: 'uint32', name: 'tokenId', type: 'uint32' }],
        outputs: [],
      },
    ],
    functionName: 'mint',
    args: [parseInt(debouncedTokenId)],
    enabled: Boolean(debouncedTokenId),
  })
  const { data, error, isError, write } = useContractWrite(config)

  const { isLoading, isSuccess } = useWaitForTransaction({
    hash: data?.hash,
  })

  return (
    <form
      onSubmit={(e) => {
        e.preventDefault()
        write?.()
      }}
    >
      <label for="tokenId">Token ID</label>
      <input
        id="tokenId"
        onChange={(e) => setTokenId(e.target.value)}
        placeholder="420"
        value={tokenId}
      />
      <button disabled={!write || isLoading}>
        {isLoading ? 'Minting...' : 'Mint'}
      </button>
      {isSuccess && (
        <div>
          Successfully minted your NFT!
          <div>
            <a href={`https://etherscan.io/tx/${data?.hash}`}>Etherscan</a>
          </div>
        </div>
      )}
      {(isPrepareError || isError) && (
        <div>Error: {(prepareError || error)?.message}</div>
      )}
    </form>
  )
}

Wrap Up

That's it! You have now added a basic "Mint NFT" form with dynamic arguments to your app.

Last updated on September 22, 2022